There are many photography discipline these days comparing before which only revolves in studio, photo journalism and street (which is not really popular then). I will try to squeeze in what is the difference of Street photography among others but before that, let me try to enumerate current photography disciplines today.
Let me know if I missed some, so you imagine how wide and vast the photography world can be and how many people tried specializing to each category but how street photography differ from all of these things? We know that Digital Photography and Film Photography are two main distinction of photography today but when we look deeper we can see these styles and discipline whereby it is really something nice to explore. I do street photography but how would i know that what I am doing is not Reportage?
We will then define the two, because Street and Reportage or Photojournalism are often interchanged but they are actually way different. Photojournalism can be defined as “Photojournalism is the discipline of capturing news images photographically, for publication.” but often the definition “capturing news images” are interchanged to street photography because many News photographs are actually Street Photography. While Photojournalism have definite meaning, street photography on the other hand is arbitrary, street photography doesn’t have a definite meaning and is sometimes what is accepted to many can be the meaning on a given group.
We know that in Photojournalism , the photographer wanted to make people relate to the news, in Fashion or Glam, the photography is tasked to sell clothes but in Street , the person wanted the viewer to see in his own perspective. No definite task or aim. As human element in street photography or life element is spontaneous , the meaning is also the same. No definite or border . Street Photography is freedom from the majority and can not be reprimand by the demands of commercialism or mass media. Street photography is like the street, no one knows what is inside the next alley , it is full of surprise and decisive moment.
Have you ever wonder what kind of camera yours belong? there are actually 3 basic form of camera which are : Single Lens Reflex, Rangefinder and Twin Lens reflex
img 1. Single Lens Reflex
Single lens is reflex camera are so called because both the viewfinder and the film or sensor (DSLR) see through the same main photographic lens, and because the image capyured by the lens is bounced around (reflexed) on the way to the viewfinder so that the photographer can see the image in its real-world orientation ( that is, not back-wards or upside down, as it is projected onto the film or sensor). In the SLR, when film(sensor) is not actually being exposed, the image from the lens is reflected into small screen in the viewfinder by a mirror, and then via a number or intermediate mirrors to correct the orientation of the image.
Img 2. Rangefinder Camera
Rangefinders are so called because of the focusing mechanism is such cameras involves the use of an optical rangefinder. a device that measures distance by measuring parallax between images seen from two different points. For the photographer, focusing a rangefinder involves visually aligning to overlapping version of the image to be photographed until the coincide in the viewfinder; the photographer turns the focus ring on the lens until the alignment appears correct.
img. 3 Twin Lens Reflex
TLR is a type of camera with two objective lenses of the samefocal length. One of the lenses is the photographic objective or “taking lens” (the lens that takes the picture), while the other is used for the viewfinder system, which is usually viewed from above at waist level. (wikipedia)
Exposure Triangle is the most efficient way to make a good photo :) knowing how this triangle works will make you “somewhat” step higher because it is basically the fundamentals that every shutterbugs should know :)
Now as you can see, the triangle is composed of the composition essentials and which I hope that everyone trying photography already know.
Those three elements are: ISO, Aperture and Shutter Speed. The ISO rating (which is an international standard) measures the image sensor’s sensitivity to light. The Aperture determines how much light enters the lens and is registered by the image sensor (or film); this is designated by the f-numbers on the lens barrel. The Shutter Speed determines the amount of time the level of light enters the lens and is registered by the image sensor; the Shutter Speed is delineated in fraction of a second increments.
The alchemical combination of these three elements results in a given subject’s exposure value (EV). What is critical to remember is that any change in any one of these elements will cause a predictable impact on the other and consequently impact the final image (i.e. by changing the Aperture, you change depth of field; by changing ISO rating, you change the amount of light required to obtain an image, and by changing the Shutter Speed, you effect how motion is captured). Such that you will never be able to independently control a given element, because you have to take into account how the other two elements will interact for the final exposure. Fortunately, the mathematics of photography just so happen to work in such a way that each element in the Exposure Triangle has a relative “stop of light” value. Such that if you increase the light by one stop by reducing the Shutter Speed, you can regain the original EV by either decreasing the Aperture by the same stop value and/or adjusting the ISO rating accordingly. With film, you couldn’t change the ISO rating for a single frame, but you can with digital cameras and that comes in more than handy.
Shutter Speed is measured in fractions of a second and it determines how fast the shutter opens and closes, thereby controlling the key element in photography – light, glorious light; specifically the time-frame in which light registers on the image sensor (or on film). The Shutter Speed captures the world in split seconds, but it can also be slowed down to a few seconds (or remain open longer at the photographer’s discretion). This enables all sorts of possibilities in determining what is actually recorded to the image sensor.
Aperture is the opening in the lens that determines the amount of focused light that reaches the image sensor. It’s measured in f-stops. The beauty of the f/stop arithmetic is that regardless of a lens’ focal length, the f/stop measures the same amount of light; such that f/4 on a 50mm lets in the same amount of light as f/4 on a 120mm. The opening’s diameter may differ, but the amount of light is the same because the length of the lens is different.
So what is correct exposure? That’s mainly subjective, but we can agree that it is when the camera effectively reproduces a subject on the image sensor (or on film) where the most uniform amount of picture information is visible in the highlights, midtones and shadows. How do you determine the specific exposure you want? All dSLRs have an EV meter in the viewfinder that provides an EV on the subject that you are metering.
An effective way of ensuring a correct exposure is to employ Exposure Bracketing. This is a technique in which you’ll be taking at least 3 exposures – one at the designated exposure value (EV), one 1/3 of an f/stop above, and one at 1/3 of an f/stop below. On some features-laden cameras, you set the ISO, f-stop and shutter to acquire an exposure value (provided by the TTL meter), and press the shutter release. The camera will automatically shoot the upper and lower bracketed exposure. When you review the bracketed exposures, you’ll be able to see subtle, but key differences in the images – most specifically if there is any over- or underexposure. Professionals bracket all the time to make sure they get the best possible negative (film or digital neg) for later.
Generally, You can get a good result from your digital camera provided that it has all the features you need and how you will discover the full potential of your digital camera. Most digital camera today have manual mode whereby it allows the user to tweak and customize the function depending on how the user want to produce certain image.